SAT is a standardized test used for assessing college readiness of students. It was first administered in 1926 and is owned, published and developed by College Board, a nonprofit organization. First it was called the Scholastic Aptitude Test, then the Scholastic Assessment Test and now SAT is just referred to as a term, hence becoming an empty acronym.
According to College Board, SAT measures the literacy and writing skills that are required for academic success in college. SAT assesses how well the test takers analyze and solve problems through skills that they developed in school and will need in college. A combination of SAT results along with the GPA of school provides a better indication of success in college rather than just the school GPA.
SAT was developed by Carl Brigham, a psychologist who worked on the Army Alpha and Beta tests as a way to eliminate test bias between people from different socio-economic backgrounds. Though College Board maintains that SAT is un-coachable, SAT preparation has become a highly lucrative market. Research suggests that SAT preparation courses may result in an average increase of about 20 points on the math section and 10 points on the verbal section.
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